Database of Chilli Pepper Varieties


Species: Pubescens | Origin: Mexico | Heat: Very Hot
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Manzano means 'apple' which describes the appearence of the fruits - like small apples. Like its cousin the Rocoto, this variety has unusual black seeds which are very hard (like apple pips) and should be removed before eating. Manzano comes generally in three types, Amarillo, Rojo (Red) and Canario (Yellow). Also known as 'Caballo' in Guatemala. An immature pod is shown here.

© Mark McMullan

© Mark McMullan


Species: Pubescens | Origin: Peru | Heat: Extremely Hot
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Probably the most famous of the Pubescens species, its history lies in the Andes region of Peru where it is also known as 'Manzano', meaning apple due the shape of the fruit. It is also called Locoto in Bolivia, Chilli Peron, Chilli Caballo and Chilli Ciruelo. The most distinguishing feature of these peppers are their black seeds. The peppers themselves are very pungent, approx 2in long and 1 1/2in wide and resemble miniture bell peppers and this variety matures in colour from green to yellow. Rocotos can be a slow to germinate, so be sure to keep the soil temperature above 75F, although once mature these plants are very resistant to low temperatures. Rocotos are at their best when eaten fresh and should be left on the plant until needed.

© Tommi Hietavuo

© Morten Bjergstrøm

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